What classification adopted for the orientation of each?

At the summit, we will establish an « Empire House », which still lacks construction. As seen, this is not a negligible conquest of the Revolution. It is certain that the very work of the various Councils is easily hindered by a government reaction. But still, the institution remains that enables German masters to make a serious learning of post-revolutionary school. PHYSICAL LOCATION OF TEACHERS German officials were divided into 13 categories. Teachers are in the seventh. Before the war, in a medium-sized city, a teacher touched a total treatment between 1720 marks (1-2 years of service) and 4670 marks (above 31 years), figures that seem to place as the German teacher at a level significantly higher than that of the french teacher. Treatments were, and still are categorized according to the size of the city (A-B-C-D-E). Or rather, these are treatments that range, but only the various related benefits. From 1919, as in France, was granted a cost of living allowance. And today, because of the great fall of the mark, the chapter of high cost of living that constantly swells and keeps salaries to a level, not enough, but following, at least, further, the deplorable increase in the cost of living. The basic salaries currently range from 20,000 marks (1-2 years of service) up to 28,000 marks (after 16 years). pay to do assignment australia
So, in short, rapid and maximum early treatment – in comparison with French law. To this base are added processing: 1. The residence allowance, varying a) In one place, according to the age (of 5600-7200 marks, eg for category A); b) Next towns. 5,600 marks (Class A) against 2,100 marks (Class E).. 2. The cost of living, also varies according to the time of service and agglomeration. The cost of living allowance is now more than twice the processing. So plus various allowances, the annual salary of a big city school teacher was in August of 57,980 marks (1-2 years of service) to 77,660 marks (above 16 years). These were the treatments of August. Since then, they still have varied because, at the exchange (25 August) 77,660 marks (maximum salary a teacher) was worth 524 francs 20. TEACHER FARMER If, in villages, teachers are paid less, each has cows and meadow that we wanted to assign Mr. Monicault. The teacher, then, is a farmer. But knowing the business, with the necessary instruction, it is both the teacher and the teacher of agriculture. He cultures and models apiaries. The town does not only make available the necessary land. She has to run big jobs (plowing, seeds, etc.), thus allowing the teacher to devote himself, after all, and even better to its function. INDEMMNITES SOUND There are some successful innovations too, and we need to remember, in the distribution of compensation to the families. a) It is assumed that a worker must be able to feed his wife, first. So do we grant the married teacher, even without children, 2,500 marks (scale from 1 June 1922). And this must just help a lot of young families. b) With respect to children, we apply a principle completely opposed to French principle. With us, the child allowance decreases with age, to go out early (16 years). For German teacher, the compensation is increasing. It is 4,920 marks for each child under 6 years; of 6,150 marks from 6 to 14 years and 7380 marks of 14 to 21 years. It goes without saying that such compensation is deleted if the child earns a living instead of studying or being learning. This is a fact to note and give as previous, when we ask a similar measure. The pension system seems more flexible than in France. The retreat is only 65 and amounts to 3/4 of the treatment. But if the holder dies at any point in his career, his widow receives a pension of 40% of salary and child, if any, 1 / 5th of the pension of the widow up to 18 years . In the case of orphans, each key third treatment. That’s all the same, I think, a system that can be envied French officials who, in anticipation of an early death, to pay an annuity to any insurance. ISOLATION BY THE EXCHANGE But the situation of German teachers, like other workers, is difficult. As a result of the constant depreciation of paper money, wages and salaries only follow from afar the increasing cost of living. Our colleagues have gone through so sad days during the war they still feel happy to eat good rye bread. They learned to use everything. They still eat; all workers must not do the same. But buy costumes to 8 or 9.000 marks, and bad shoes a similar price caps, it does not matter. They use their old clothes; but it also can not last. Under these conditions, we do not talk of buying books. To subscribe to a national educational publication; but the newspaper is too expensive. And foreign newspapers are virtually prohibited (Subscription to The Emancipated school (1) cost, on August 25, 2370 marks). It is for us, countries with relatively healthy workers exchange, to impose the sacrifice needed to provide the minimum essential thought the triumph of our International. ORGANIZATION OF VARIOUS DEGREES OF EDUCATION: SCHOOL SINGLE For the first time, to favor the Revolution, we tried to organize the only school in Germany. But this is a lengthy organizing work and proletarian power was broken too soon to allow completion of the reform. The first act was accomplished. It was decided that all children should attend primary school from 6 to 10 years. The importance and social significance of this measure shall not escape anyone. I saw myself in a German school, the barefoot children, torn clothes, the dirty nose, side by side with radiating boys, white hands and polished shoes. And the rich are not always the wisest. During an English lesson, one of those bare-feet, who frequented probably the cosmopolitan port, rose continually finger. It’s huge, I think, to require all children to live together for 4 years. When will this first act of the only school with us? We often say: But the rich prefer to send their children to free schools and experience back into favor. German law provides that escape, and, from 1924 or 1925, free schools will no longer accept children below 10 years. The only school is made up to ten years in Germany. NATURAL SELECTION From this age accumulate difficulties. What will understand that only the ‘advanced’ cities have been usefully further reform. It is assumed that from decade, teaching, uniform until then, had to vary the students. What classification adopted for the orientation of each? In Hamburg, in particular, where the reform continues, the classification is made by the masters, assisted by specialist psychologists. One of these specialists acquired a passing reputation as a promoter of a classification of « trials » written, consisting, for example, 5 or 6 words being given, quickly make a correct sentence in which the words are linked to According to a suitable direction. We still basa on other data, according to which Hamburg, for example, formed several categories: Cat. A. The most intelligent students studying languages, dead or alive, and had to receive instruction in special schools. Cat. B. The less intelligent students that still grows, but the study of languages. Cat. C. This group of ordinary intelligence which was to be the great mass of workers is divided into: 1. A skilled manual workers category, which specifically directed to this industry and that was to make good against -maitres. 2. The remainder of the students who educated at the regular public school. These diverse groups of students were never closed and we had planned the transition from one to the other when a new ability was revealed – or vice versa.

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *